Il seme e l'albero. Rivista di scienze sociali, psicologia applicata e politiche di comunità
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N° 1/2015 April 2015
Table of contents:
The seed and the tree is back. The journal was founded by Andrea Devoto in 1993, and it was published on printed version until 2010, under the direction of Maria Giovanna le Divelec. After a stop, in which the Foundation has restructured its internal organization, the journal returns with a new subtitle: Journal of Social Sciences, Applied Psychology and Political Community. But the subtitle is not the only news. In fact, the main change concerns its dissemination that now is online and open access (with a simple registration all articles are freely available for reading or download).
The new edition of the journal Il seme e l’albero (The Seed and the Tree) may be an occasion to wonder about the meaning of a new scientific publication, now, and the opportunity of the community psychology point of view, particularly at a time when people are more needed than in the past. Lessons learned by relevant scholars, coming from not only our country but also from other regions of the world, underline the importance of a new definition of justice, solidarity, ethics, policies and psychology. A professional who wants to be a participant conceptualizer has to take into account concepts like participation, power, and coscientization, as ways to promote changes in our communities, aimed to social inclusion and empowering strategies. And if our communication has grown up over the years to be more effective, we didn’t reduce our commitment in building meaningful and open networks.
This essay explores the connections between the notions of public space and resistance, and deploys secondary ethnographic data. The idea at the center of this study is that public space within the contemporary metropolis is exposed to substantial forms of denial, stemming from the partnership of State and private enterprise – something that allows to give meanings much different from the official ones to the illegality of the subaltern classes and the ‘rebels’. In particular, such denial of the public allows to interpret the actions of both these groups, apparently aimed at unlawful appropriations and privatizations of the space, in terms of resistance, and the seek for redistribution and social justice. Over the course of the paper, various forms of illegality and both ‘manifest’ and ‘invisible’ conflicts around space, sociability and the rights to the city are investigated.
The city has always been a meeting place for strangers and for those with different walks of life. The fact that it attracts individuals and groups in search of opportunities, makes it a privileged space where people with different social, cultural and experience backgrounds live together. Over the last few decades, however, processes have been observed that tend to transform this cohabitation among ‘different’ that increasingly runs the risk of being not so much a meeting, but rather a fragmented coexistence of islands that do not communicate with each other. This trend can be connected to the changes that have affected Western societies starting from the second half of the seventies: globalization, the crisis of the welfare state, increasing immigration, growth of social exclusion and changes in the pattern of social control. The purpose of this paper is to analyze these global dynamics; their urban consequences with reference to the processes of criminalization of immigrants and people in a situation of social exclusion and to the creation of material and symbolic boundaries; the possible outcomes in terms of citizens’ mobilization.
The young generation that today is called to make its existential choices is a generation that acts in the age of the fragility. A fragility that takes traits of insecurity, uncertainty, but it is especially vulnerability of living. This article aimed to show this vulnerability by analysing the dynamics between constraint conditions and the possibility of freedom. Girls and boys are observed in the tension between the ‘imaginary freedom’ (the representation that is produced and consumed in the time of ‘techno-nihilistic capitalism’) and the realism of 'lowering of the expectations' (the advent of a culture of resignation). It emerges a focus on the efforts youth that generate a specific condition of vulnerability to cope with a historical phase of transition that it seems not a temporary moment of life, but the whole condition of life.
Almost 10 years after the start of a major economic and financial crises experienced by modern society, it is failed the dream of an infinite growth and the promise of prosperity for all, and we can’t see some signs of a positive evolution yet. A lot of data show an increase of poverty, inequality (both within countries and between different countries) and social vulnerability, accompanied by the government inability to cope with them through welfare state. In an attempt to overcome this difficult situation, this article offers some necessary and essential reflections for activating alternative project to ensure social cohesion. In particular about the need of: 1. a strong alternative theoretical framework respect to the dominant thought; 2. a direct involvement of people through a real assumption of responsibility; 3. a model of welfare organization compatible with the scarce resources available.
The Italian judicial psychiatric hospitals (Opg) were 'closed by law' on 31th March 2015. The end of this long and complex judicial process requires a detailed analysis of the situation. This article traces the history of the Opg, following its establishment in 1876 until today, and offers a detailed legislative and human reconnaissance by questioning the institutions, not only about the alleged collective protection from social dangerousness, but also, in relation to the unacceptable human suffering produced. On the basis of this historical reconstruction, the author underlines that the final overcoming of the institution Opg, necessarily passes through a review of the Italian legal and scientific processes that support the notion of incapability, fact of not being in full possession of one’s faculties, and the restitution of the right to responsibility to the person with mental disorder.
A cura di Marialuisa Menegatto
Giulio Marcon (a cura di) (2015). Lavorare nel sociale. Una professione da ripensare. Roma: Edizioni dell’asino, 188 pp. ISBN 9788863571288 euro 12,00
Sergio Manghi (2014). L’altro uomo. Violenza sulle donne e condizione maschile. Villa Verucchio (RN): Pazzini Editore, 116 pp., ISBN 9788862571999 euro 10,00