Il seme e l'albero. Rivista di scienze sociali, psicologia applicata e politiche di comunità
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Dipartimento di Scienze Umane e Sociali
Università degli Studi di Bergamo
Ivo Lizzola is professor of Pedagogy and Social Pedagogy of marginalization and deviance at the University of Bergamo. His research interests, consulting and training in the educational social and health services, include development of social policies (with emphasis on young people and the marginality) and more recently the topics of care, vulnerability and bioethics.
Articoli di Ivo Lizzola:
The young generation that today is called to make its existential choices is a generation that acts in the age of the fragility. A fragility that takes traits of insecurity, uncertainty, but it is especially vulnerability of living. This article aimed to show this vulnerability by analysing the dynamics between constraint conditions and the possibility of freedom. Girls and boys are observed in the tension between the ‘imaginary freedom’ (the representation that is produced and consumed in the time of ‘techno-nihilistic capitalism’) and the realism of 'lowering of the expectations' (the advent of a culture of resignation). It emerges a focus on the efforts youth that generate a specific condition of vulnerability to cope with a historical phase of transition that it seems not a temporary moment of life, but the whole condition of life.
Care can open the way to an unusual relational paradigm, more important than those that are related to utility, exchange, effectiveness, equality and right. The care relationship is asymmetric, there is not an equal exchange, or a simple recognition of an equality in front of law. The condition between who are injured and who care are distant, radically different. For this it is possible the creation of a space of dependence and disposition. On this basis, this article shows that in the care relationship the generation of a give and take is not prevented, but it is possible a mutual relationship of attentions. An asymmetrical reciprocity can born only if thoughts and emotions are placed in a logic of 'preference of the other’ and with attention to the life. Thus, it need of a new dimension in which the control temptation is weakened and the expertise and medical technology must not have supremacy over disease.